When, in March 2020, the whole of Europe was confined to avoid the ravages of Covid-19, Germany first went on its own, closing its borders and then buying masks and vaccines without worrying about its community partners. . Finally, Angela Merkel, still Chancellor at the time, aligned and allied with French President Emmanuel Macron to defend a European recovery plan, financed by a common debt to the member states of the European Union (EU), and joint purchase. of vaccines.
Today Berlin is again gripped by the temptation of every man for himself, so much so that rising gas and electricity prices are panicking its economic and political decision makers. This is testified by his 200 billion euro plan, presented on 29 September and intended to reduce the energy bills of German citizens and companies. Furthermore, the chancellor, Olaf Scholz, did not deign to warn either the Elysée or the European Commission. On Monday 3 and Tuesday 4 October, some of the Finance Ministers of the Twenty-Seven, gathered in Luxembourg, were moved, evoking the risk of disintegration that this entails for the EU.
Although interest rates have already begun to diverge within the euro zone, the German plan undoubtedly offers an advantage to its economic actors and threatens the integrity of the internal market. “It is essential to do things together in Europe in the face of an energy crisis that will last. (…) Otherwise we risk the fragmentation of the eurozone “, French Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire launched in Luxembourg on Monday. Behind the scenes, some even talk about the “duplicity” from Berlin.
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On the one hand, this plan subsidizes the price of gas for the Germans, and will therefore have the effect of encouraging its consumption; on the other hand, Germany opposes the introduction of a gas price ceiling at Community level, advocated by fifteen Member States, arguing that this would risk increasing the energy demand of the 27 and would compromise the security of supply. The European heads of state and government, who will meet in Prague on Thursday 6 and Friday 7 October, will not fail to return. “Faced with common threats (…)we cannot divide ourselves on the basis of the margin of maneuver of our national budgets “Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi declared his resignation on 30 September.
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