at COP27, debates on agriculture and food but little progress

The Egyptian presidency of the 27And world climate conference (COP27) has pledged to give a more central place to agricultural and food issues. So far this sector, responsible for a third of global greenhouse gas emissions and which is feeling the effects of global warming, has been relegated to the background of official negotiations, far behind energy or transport issues.

In late October, just days before the opening of the Sharm El-Sheikh conference, an assessment by several foundations showed that food systems received only a small share of public climate finance (3%).

In Sharm El-Sheikh, in fact, there was more discussion of food. About 200 parallel events and four pavilions were dedicated to this theme – out of the hundred set up for this climactic mass – and above all a day was dedicated to it on the official agenda, November 12, a first in the history of COP.

Read also: Article reserved for our subscribers COP27: agriculture and food, topics neglected in the climate negotiations

Lastly, it is a question of including the theme of the issue on the negotiating agenda “loss and damage”the irreversible damage caused by climate change, which has focused attention on agricultural and food security issues, inseparable from discussions on climate justice.

Innovation talks were the focus

“Certainly there has been more attentionnotes Marie Cosquer, analyst at Action Against Hunger, but, as we feared, the debate has been monopolized by the private sector and concentrated on technological solutions. » Rather than talking about power imbalances in food systems, it was these discussions of innovation that took precedence.

At the COP, many see food systems as a matter of efficiency, but the issue runs deeper, insists Million Belay, coordinator of the Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa. It is economic, social and the dimension of human rights – the right to food, the right to land… – is fundamental. »

Read also: Article reserved for our subscribers COP27: after tensions between states in the finishing straight, hope is reborn to save the climate conference

Among the announcements made in Sharm El-Sheikh, the “AIM for climate” (AIM4C) initiative of the United States and the United Arab Emirates is emblematic of the promotion of technological solutions, without any longer a systemic reflection. This scheme, which should be increased to $8 billion (€7.7 billion) over five years, notably supports the use of additives in livestock feed to reduce methane emissions from the livestock energy sector , but does not foresee reductions in the size of the herds.

You still have 60.52% of this article to read. The following is for subscribers only.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *